Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Public Health Nurs. 2019 May;36(3):321-329. doi: 10.1111/phn.12604. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Proper fitting shoes: Reducing pain, increasing activity, and improving foot health among adults experiencing homelessness.

Author information

1
Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Foot and lower limb pain reported by many adults experiencing homelessness may be due to improper shoes and may contribute to decreased activity and physical functioning.

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to characterize the effects of proper fitting shoes on pain, activity, and foot health in adults experiencing homelessness.

DESIGN:

A pretest-posttest quasi-experimental pilot study design was used.

SAMPLE:

Twenty-three out of 30 enrolled participants completed the study and were mostly female, non-Hispanic, black individuals with high school education or higher.

MEASUREMENTS:

Eligible participants completed surveys related to pain, foot health, and foot conditions, and a 10-meter walking test prior to (BASELINE) and after (FINAL) the intervention.

INTERVENTION:

Participants wore properly fitted shoes for 6 weeks and were encouraged to maintain activity levels consistent with activity levels prior to receiving new shoes.

RESULTS:

Pain scores were lower at FINAL versus BASELINE. Participants reported reductions in knee, back and ankle/feet pain. Participants had significant improvements on almost all areas of foot health and had faster gait speed at FINAL versus BASELINE. Minimal changes in foot conditions were observed.

CONCLUSION:

Proper fitting shoes improve pain, walking speed, and foot health in adults experiencing homelessness with moderate to severe pain.

KEYWORDS:

homelessness; pain; physical activity; shoes

PMID:
30883866
DOI:
10.1111/phn.12604
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center