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Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Mar;98(11):e14576. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000014576.

Clinicopathological features and prognosis factors for survival in elderly patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor: A STROBE-compliant article.

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Department of General Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital, Haidian District, Beijing, People's Republic of China.


To investigate the features and prognosis of the elderly patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET).The patients diagnosed with pNETs between 2004 and 2014 were identified from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database. The ethical approval was waived because the present study was analysis of the data from Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database.A total of 4608 patients with "one primary only" histologically pNETs were confirmed and 653 were older than 75 years. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) were examined. The elderly patients (≥75 years) have disadvantage in CSS and OS compared with younger cohort. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that the elderly patients have increased poorly differentiated composition, and decreased proportion of Black patients, receipt of surgery, married status, and number of removed lymph node. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated worse differentiation. Patients of T3-4 and M1 stage were associated with poor CSS, while patients of being female, tumor locating at pancreatic body/tail, receipt of surgery, and being married were associated with better CSS in the elderly patients. Meanwhile, patients with higher histological grade and M1 stage have poor OS, while patients with the characteristics of female, being married, tumor location at pancreatic body/tail and tumor surgery have better OS. Distant metastatic elderly patients underwent primary site surgery had better CSS and OS than the patients without surgery.The elderly patients have increased possibility of poorly differentiated tumor, and decreased proportion of Black patients, surgery of primary site, number of removed lymph node and married status. Worse differentiation and tumor metastasis were independent risk factors for both CSS and OS, while primary tumor located in body/tail of pancreas, female patients, surgery of tumor primary site, and being married were protective factors.

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