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Space Sci Rev. 2019;215(1):12. doi: 10.1007/s11214-018-0574-6. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

SEIS: Insight's Seismic Experiment for Internal Structure of Mars.

Lognonné P1, Banerdt WB2, Giardini D3, Pike WT4, Christensen U5, Laudet P6, de Raucourt S1, Zweifel P3, Calcutt S7,8, Bierwirth M5, Hurst KJ2, Ijpelaan F6, Umland JW2, Llorca-Cejudo R6, Larson SA2, Garcia RF9, Kedar S2, Knapmeyer-Endrun B5, Mimoun D9, Mocquet A10, Panning MP2, Weber RC11, Sylvestre-Baron A6, Pont G6, Verdier N6, Kerjean L6, Facto LJ2, Gharakanian V2, Feldman JE2, Hoffman TL2, Klein DB2, Klein K2, Onufer NP2, Paredes-Garcia J2, Petkov MP2, Willis JR2, Smrekar SE2, Drilleau M1, Gabsi T1, Nebut T1, Robert O1, Tillier S1, Moreau C1, Parise M1, Aveni G1, Ben Charef S1, Bennour Y1, Camus T12, Dandonneau PA1, Desfoux C1, Lecomte B1,13, Pot O1,14, Revuz P1, Mance D3, tenPierick J3, Bowles NE7,8, Charalambous C4, Delahunty AK4,15, Hurley J16,7,8, Irshad R16, Liu H4,17, Mukherjee AG4, Standley IM18, Stott AE4, Temple J7,8, Warren T7,8, Eberhardt M5, Kramer A5, Kühne W5, Miettinen EP5, Monecke M5, Aicardi C6, André M6, Baroukh J6, Borrien A6, Bouisset A6, Boutte P6, Brethomé K6, Brysbaert C6, Carlier T6, Deleuze M6, Desmarres JM6, Dilhan D6, Doucet C6, Faye D6, Faye-Refalo N6, Gonzalez R6, Imbert C6, Larigauderie C6, Locatelli E6, Luno L6, Meyer JR6, Mialhe F6, Mouret JM6, Nonon M6, Pahn Y6, Paillet A6, Pasquier P6, Perez G6, Perez R6, Perrin L6, Pouilloux B6, Rosak A6, Savin de Larclause I6, Sicre J6, Sodki M6, Toulemont N6, Vella B6, Yana C6, Alibay F2, Avalos OM2, Balzer MA2, Bhandari P2, Blanco E2, Bone BD2, Bousman JC2, Bruneau P2, Calef FJ2, Calvet RJ2, D'Agostino SA2, de Los Santos G2, Deen RG2, Denise RW2, Ervin J2, Ferraro NW2, Gengl HE2, Grinblat F2, Hernandez D2, Hetzel M2, Johnson ME2, Khachikyan L2, Lin JY2, Madzunkov SM2, Marshall SL2, Mikellides IG2, Miller EA2, Raff W2, Singer JE2, Sunday CM2, Villalvazo JF2, Wallace MC2, Banfield D19, Rodriguez-Manfredi JA20, Russell CT21, Trebi-Ollennu A2, Maki JN2, Beucler E10, Böse M22, Bonjour C3, Berenguer JL23, Ceylan S3, Clinton J22, Conejero V24, Daubar I2, Dehant V25, Delage P26, Euchner F3, Estève I27, Fayon L1, Ferraioli L3, Johnson CL28,29, Gagnepain-Beyneix J1, Golombek M2, Khan A3, Kawamura T1, Kenda B1, Labrot P1, Murdoch N9, Pardo C24, Perrin C1, Pou L9, Sauron A3, Savoie D30, Stähler S3, Stutzmann E24, Teanby NA31, Tromp J32, van Driel M3, Wieczorek M33, Widmer-Schnidrig R34, Wookey J31.

Author information

1
1Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris-Sorbonne Paris Cité, Université Paris Diderot (UMR 7154 CNRS), Planetology et Space Science Team, 35 Rue Hélène Brion, Paris, 75013 France.
2
2Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 USA.
3
3Institut of Geophysics, ETHZ, Sonneggstrasse 5, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland.
4
4Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Imperial College London, London, UK.
5
5Department of Planets and Comets, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Göttingen, Germany.
6
6Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, 18 av. Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
7
7Atmospheric, Oceanic, & Planetary Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU UK.
8
8Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU UK.
9
9ISAE-SUPAERO, Toulouse University, 10 Avenue E. Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France.
10
10LPG Nantes, UMR6112, CNRS-Université de Nantes, 2 rue de la Houssinière, BP 92208, 44322 Nantes cedex 3, France.
11
11NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, 320 Sparkman Drive, Huntsville, AL 35805 USA.
12
12Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, UMR5277 CNRS - Université Toulouse III Paul Sabatier, 14, avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France.
13
31Present Address: Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Université Paris-Sud, Bâtiment 121, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France.
14
32Present Address: Laboratoire de Mécanique et d'Acoustique, LMA - UMR 7031 AMU - CNRS - Centrale Marseille, 4 impasse Nikola Tesla, CS 40006, 13453 Marseille Cedex 13, France.
15
33Present Address: Advanced Technology and Research, Arup, 13 Fitzroy Street, London, W1T 4BQ UK.
16
RAL Space, STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, OX11 0QX UK.
17
34Present Address: Center for Gravitational Experiments, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1037 Luoyu Rd, Wuhan, 430074 P.R. China.
18
Kinemetrics, 222 Vista Av., Pasadena, CA 91107 USA.
19
15Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY USA.
20
16Centro de Astrobiologia, Madrid, Spain.
21
17Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, USA.
22
18Swiss Seismological Service, ETHZ, Sonneggstrasse 5, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland.
23
19Geoazur, University Cote d'Azur, 250 rue Einstein, 06560 Valbonne, France.
24
20Département de Sismologie, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris-Sorbonne Paris Cité, UMR 7154 CNRS - Université Paris Diderot, 1 Rue Jussieu, Paris Cedex, 75238 France.
25
21Royal Observatory of Belgium, 3 avenue Circulaire, 1180 Brussels, Belgium.
26
22Laboratoire Navier (CERMES), Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Marne la Vallée, France.
27
Institut de Minéralogie et de Physique des Matériaux et de Cosmochimie, Case courrier 115, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France.
28
24University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC Canada.
29
25Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ USA.
30
26SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, LNE, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France.
31
27School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Wills Memorial Building, Queens Road, Bristol, BS8 1RJ UK.
32
28Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Guyot Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA.
33
29Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Boulevard de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France.
34
30Black Forest Observatory, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and Stuttgart University, Heubach 206, 77709 Wolfach, Germany.

Abstract

By the end of 2018, 42 years after the landing of the two Viking seismometers on Mars, InSight will deploy onto Mars' surface the SEIS (Seismic Experiment for Internal Structure) instrument; a six-axes seismometer equipped with both a long-period three-axes Very Broad Band (VBB) instrument and a three-axes short-period (SP) instrument. These six sensors will cover a broad range of the seismic bandwidth, from 0.01 Hz to 50 Hz, with possible extension to longer periods. Data will be transmitted in the form of three continuous VBB components at 2 sample per second (sps), an estimation of the short period energy content from the SP at 1 sps and a continuous compound VBB/SP vertical axis at 10 sps. The continuous streams will be augmented by requested event data with sample rates from 20 to 100 sps. SEIS will improve upon the existing resolution of Viking's Mars seismic monitoring by a factor of 2500 at 1 Hz and 200 000 at 0.1 Hz. An additional major improvement is that, contrary to Viking, the seismometers will be deployed via a robotic arm directly onto Mars' surface and will be protected against temperature and wind by highly efficient thermal and wind shielding. Based on existing knowledge of Mars, it is reasonable to infer a moment magnitude detection threshold of M w 3 at 40 epicentral distance and a potential to detect several tens of quakes and about five impacts per year. In this paper, we first describe the science goals of the experiment and the rationale used to define its requirements. We then provide a detailed description of the hardware, from the sensors to the deployment system and associated performance, including transfer functions of the seismic sensors and temperature sensors. We conclude by describing the experiment ground segment, including data processing services, outreach and education networks and provide a description of the format to be used for future data distribution.

Electronic Supplementary Material:

The online version of this article (10.1007/s11214-018-0574-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

KEYWORDS:

InSight; Mars seismology

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