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Indian J Public Health. 2019 Jan-Mar;63(1):83-85. doi: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_363_17.

Level of endosulfan among women in Talwandi Sabo Block of Southern Punjab, India.

Author information

1
Research Scholar, Amity Institute of Anthropology, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.
2
Additional Director, Amity Institute of Anthropology, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.
3
Assistant Professor-II, Amity Institute of Anthropology, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Endosulfan is one of the most prevalent organochlorine pesticides used in the agricultural sector in the developing countries including India. It affects the physiological functioning of different organ systems including nervous, immune, hepatic, and reproductive system. Realizing the safety and health concern, restrictions have been imposed at various levels, but the usage has still continued in the plantation crops. Owing to pesticide beneficiary of north India, the cotton belt commonly called the Malwa region of Punjab was evaluated for identifying the levels of Endosulfan in the blood samples of women working in agricultural fields. Gas chromatograph with electron capture detector was used for detecting the levels of endosulfan metabolites among twenty active female workers. The mean level of endosulfan recorded in the tested population was observed to be 2.22 ppb. It is difficult to draw a certain conclusion based on these findings because the subjects were less in number. However, detection of even very low concentrations of endosulfan residues signifies its continued accessibility to the women population. Encouragement of more such population-based research needs to be adopted to determine the body burden of such pesticides in humans. The effective implementation of the ban on Endosulfan could be checked by a combined retrospective and prospective study to infer a justifiable impact.

KEYWORDS:

Agriculture; India; endosulfan; organochlorine pesticides; women

PMID:
30880743
DOI:
10.4103/ijph.IJPH_363_17
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