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Indian J Public Health. 2019 Jan-Mar;63(1):44-50. doi: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_112_18.

Common mental disorders among HIV-uninfected women living in HIV serodiscordant setting: A clinic-based study in Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Author information

1
Senior Researcher, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
2
Research Assistant, Prayas Health Group, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
3
Honorary Consultant, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
4
Coordinator, Prayas Health Group, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

Background:

India is home to 2.1 million people living with HIV with an estimated 44% people having an uninfected partner. Living in HIV serodiscordant setting can be stressful, especially for women and can lead to several common mental disorders (CMDs). However, the occurrence of CMD in this population is not studied in India.

Objectives:

The study aimed to assess the occurrence of CMD in HIV-uninfected women living in HIV serodiscordant setting. A sample of 152 HIV-uninfected women who are wives of HIV-infected men attending an HIV clinic were interviewed by trained interviewers.

Methods:

The International Classification of Diseases-10 diagnosis of any of the CMDs was done using standard structured diagnostic interview MINI 5.0.0. Current, past, and lifetime occurrence was estimated for various CMDs. Chi-square and point-biserial correlation coefficients were used to understand the relationship between various sociodemographic and HIV-related factors with current CMD.

Results:

The current, past, and lifetime occurrence of at least one CMD was 35.5%, 49.3%, and 62.5%, respectively. Common diagnoses were mixed anxiety-depressive disorder, major depressive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Of the women with CMD, 22% had accompanying suicidality.

Conclusions:

The high rate of occurrence of CMD observed among the study population calls for more attention on the policy and program level to address the mental health needs of this population. Globally, more number of HIV-infected people are now linked to the care. This provides an opportunity to incorporate mental health care into routine HIV care.

KEYWORDS:

Common mental disorders; HIV serodiscordance; HIV transmission; India; mental health; posttraumatic stress disorder

PMID:
30880737
DOI:
10.4103/ijph.IJPH_112_18
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