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Indian J Public Health. 2019 Jan-Mar;63(1):21-26. doi: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_332_17.

Prevalence, risk factors, circumstances for falls and level of functional independence among geriatric population - A descriptive study.

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Associate Professor, Department of Community Physiotherapy, MGM College of Physiotherapy, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Physiotherapist, Department of Community Physiotherapy, MGM School of Physiotherapy, MGMIHS, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.



Falls is one of the common problems faced by elderly population and in preventing falls in India, research has largely focused on identification and management of risk factors, but the circumstances of the fall and its associated factors are sparsely researched.


The primary objective is to find the prevalence of fall, investigate risk factors, and its circumstances for falls and level of functional independence in elderly population. The secondary objective is to find out fear of fall (FOF) and its association of demographic factors on elderly population.


This was a cross-sectional study; 2049 elderly population of 60 years and above were recruited by one-stage cluster sampling technique within Mumbai, Panvel, and Thane cities, Maharashtra. Data were collected using a questionnaire, Fall Efficacy Scale-International, Barthel Index, and Kuppuswamy Scale. Obtained responses were analyzed using SPSS software; descriptive statistics and Chi-square test were applied.


The prevalence of falls in this study found as 24.98%. Demographic factors such as age group, education, marital status, and socio-economic status had demonstrated a significant association with older adults (P < 0.05); 44.92% of falls occurred in the morning, the majority of falls (65.43%) occurred indoors, 56.45% of the fallers reported to had slips, and 60.55% of the fallers had sustained injuries. From the total participants, 34.70% of the fallers reported FOF, 23.67% of the fallers expressed reduced functional activities, and 18.06% of the fallers demonstrated affection in activities of daily living.


This study reveals fall as a significant health problem and provides insight into the influencing risk factors for falls among older adults.


Activities of daily living; fear of fall; functional activity; prevalence of falls; risk factors

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