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J Child Neurol. 2019 Mar 17:883073819836541. doi: 10.1177/0883073819836541. [Epub ahead of print]

Sleep Problems in Children With Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities: A Brief Report.

Author information

1
1 RFK Children's Evaluation and Rehabilitation Center, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.
2
2 Saul R. Korey Department of Neurology Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

Abstract

Sleep problems in children with autism and the association with child behavioral problems was studied in an ethnically diverse population, in a cross-sectional study with structured interview. Sample included 50 families of children with autism and 50 families of children with other developmental disabilities, matched by age/gender. Interview included Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire and Aberrant Behavior Checklist. In this ethnically diverse sample, at least 78% of families of children with autism reported significant sleep problems compared to 34% of families of children with other developmental disabilities. Specifically, children with autism reported more frequent bedtime resistance, sleep anxiety, and night wakings than children with other developmental disabilities. Across groups, sleep problems were related to child behavioral difficulties, including irritability and hyperactivity, although this association did not reach significance for the group with autism. Specifics in terms of the nature of sleep disorders will help our understanding and design of effective treatment options.

KEYWORDS:

autism spectrum disorder; children; developmental disabilities; irritability; sleep problems

PMID:
30880542
DOI:
10.1177/0883073819836541

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