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Drug Discov Ther. 2019;13(1):28-33. doi: 10.5582/ddt.2019.01010.

Synergistic anti-candida activities of lactoferrin and the lactoperoxidase system.

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Food Ingredients & Technology Institute, R&D Division, Morinaga Milk Industry Co., Ltd.
Teikyo University Institute of Medical Mycology.


Candida albicans is a commensal fungus in human mucosal surfaces, including the oral cavity. Lactoferrin (LF) and the lactoperoxidase (LPO) system, which are host protection components in exocrine secretions, each exhibit weak anti-candida activity. We herein examined the effects of the combination of LF and the LPO system on C. albicans. Morphological observations indicated that the combination of LF and the LPO system reduced the mycelial volume of C. albicans and changed the size and shape of cells more than each agent alone. The combination of LF and the LPO system also exerted strong inhibitory effects on the cellular metabolic activity and adhesive hyphal form of C. albicans. A checkerboard analysis revealed that the anti-candida activity of LF and the LPO system was synergistic. These results suggest that the combination of LF and the LPO system is useful for preventing candidiasis.


Candida albicans; Lactoferrin; lactoperoxidase

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