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Anal Bioanal Chem. 2019 Mar 16. doi: 10.1007/s00216-019-01749-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Investigation of the evaporation behavior of aroma compounds in e-cigarettes.

Author information

1
Institute of Analytical Chemistry and Radiochemistry, University of Innsbruck, CCB- Center of Chemistry and Biomedicine, Innrain 80-82, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.
2
Austrian Drug Screening Institute, Innrain 66a, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.
3
Institute for Breath Research, University of Innsbruck, 6850, Dornbirn, Austria.
4
Institute of Analytical Chemistry and Radiochemistry, University of Innsbruck, CCB- Center of Chemistry and Biomedicine, Innrain 80-82, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria. m.rainer@uibk.ac.at.

Abstract

The aim of this work was to evaluate the evaporation behavior of certain aroma compounds found in e-liquids. Since an e-liquid is evaporated, the aroma present can reach the lungs and could be absorbed into the body which may have long-term health effects above critical concentrations. Due to a lack in regulations, the sort and concentration of the compounds in sold e-liquids can vary. To capture the aroma compounds in the vapor, a smoking machine was developed. The resulting data represent the amount of aroma reaching the consumers' lungs. The influence of the e-cigarette temperature, ranging from 100 to 315 °C, on the evaporation of benzaldehyde, estragole, and different terpenoids was examined. Additionally, the effect of the liquid base composition on the amount of aroma in the vapor was compared using the analysis of variances. The influence of high temperature, the type of e-cigarette, and the atomizer coil material, which could lead to oxidation of limonene and linalool in the vapor, is shown here.

KEYWORDS:

Benzaldehyde; Estragole; Limonene; e-cigarette flavor

PMID:
30879113
DOI:
10.1007/s00216-019-01749-7

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