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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 Apr 2;116(14):6828-6835. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1816480116. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Revealing the mechanism of how cardiac myosin-binding protein C N-terminal fragments sensitize thin filaments for myosin binding.

Author information

1
School of Biosciences, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NH, United Kingdom.
2
Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405.
3
Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405.
4
Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405; david.warshaw@uvm.edu N.Kad@kent.ac.uk.
5
School of Biosciences, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NH, United Kingdom; david.warshaw@uvm.edu N.Kad@kent.ac.uk.

Abstract

Cardiac muscle contraction is triggered by calcium binding to troponin. The consequent movement of tropomyosin permits myosin binding to actin, generating force. Cardiac myosin-binding protein C (cMyBP-C) plays a modulatory role in this activation process. One potential mechanism for the N-terminal domains of cMyBP-C to achieve this is by binding directly to the actin-thin filament at low calcium levels to enhance the movement of tropomyosin. To determine the molecular mechanisms by which cMyBP-C enhances myosin recruitment to the actin-thin filament, we directly visualized fluorescently labeled cMyBP-C N-terminal fragments and GFP-labeled myosin molecules binding to suspended actin-thin filaments in a fluorescence-based single-molecule microscopy assay. Binding of the C0C3 N-terminal cMyBP-C fragment to the thin filament enhanced myosin association at low calcium levels. However, at high calcium levels, C0C3 bound in clusters, blocking myosin binding. Dynamic imaging of thin filament-bound Cy3-C0C3 molecules demonstrated that these fragments diffuse along the thin filament before statically binding, suggesting a mechanism that involves a weak-binding mode to search for access to the thin filament and a tight-binding mode to sensitize the thin filament to calcium, thus enhancing myosin binding. Although shorter N-terminal fragments (Cy3-C0C1 and Cy3-C0C1f) bound to the thin filaments and displayed modes of motion on the thin filament similar to that of the Cy3-C0C3 fragment, the shorter fragments were unable to sensitize the thin filament. Therefore, the longer N-terminal fragment (C0C3) must possess the requisite domains needed to bind specifically to the thin filament in order for the cMyBP-C N terminus to modulate cardiac contractility.

KEYWORDS:

cardiomyopathy; contractility; muscle; regulated thin filaments; single molecule

PMID:
30877248
PMCID:
PMC6452674
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1816480116
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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