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Cell. 1986 Jul 18;46(2):291-300.

An Hsp70-like protein in the ER: identity with the 78 kd glucose-regulated protein and immunoglobulin heavy chain binding protein.


We have characterized a cDNA clone that encodes a protein related to the 70 kd heat shock protein, but is expressed in normal rat liver. This protein has a hydrophobic leader and is secreted into the endoplasmic reticulum. We show that it is identical with two previously described proteins: GRP78, whose synthesis is induced by glucose starvation, and BiP, which is found bound to immunoglobulin heavy chains in pre-B cells. This protein, which is abundant in antibody-secreting cells, can be released from heavy chains by ATP, a reaction analogous to the release of hsp70 from heat shocked nuclear structures. We propose a specific role for this protein in the assembly of secreted and membrane-bound proteins.

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