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Opt Express. 2019 Feb 18;27(4):4648-4659. doi: 10.1364/OE.27.004648.

Fiber-optic photoacoustic sensor for remote monitoring of gas micro-leakage.


We present a fiber-optic photoacoustic (PA) sensor for remote monitoring of gas micro-leakage. The gas sensing head is a miniature ferrule-top PA cavity with a cantilever beam. Gas diffuses into the cavity from the gap around the cantilever beam, and a small hole opens on the side wall. The volume of the optimized PA cavity is only 70 μL. An erbium-doped fiber amplified laser is used as a light source of acoustic excitation. The PA pressure signal is obtained by measuring the deflection of the cantilever beam with a fiber-optic white-light interferometric readout. The experimental result of leaking acetylene (C2H2) gas measurement shows a real-time response of 11.2 s. A detection limit is achieved to be 20 ppb with a 1 s lock-in integration time and a 1 km conductive fiber. Since both the excitation light and probe light are transmitted by the optical fiber, the designed sensing system has the advantages of remote detection and intrinsic safety.


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