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J Nurs Scholarsh. 2019 Jul;51(4):449-458. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12469. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Impact of an Online Training Program in Smoking Cessation Interventions in Hospitals.

Author information

1
Associate Researcher, Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Control and Prevention Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO; Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL; and Department of Public Health, Mental Health and Perinatal Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
2
Statistician, Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Control and Prevention Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO, Granvia de L'Hospitalet; and Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain.
3
Lecturer and Researcher, Faculty of Psychology, Education and Sport Sciences, Ramon Llull Universityl, Barcelona, Spain.
4
Researcher, Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Control and Prevention Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO; and Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain.
5
Predoctoral student, Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Control and Prevention Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO; Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL; and Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
6
Program coordinator, Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Control and Prevention Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO; and Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain.
7
Program Coordinator and Associate Researcher, Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Control and Prevention Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO, and Cancer Control; and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL; and Addictions Unit, Institute of Neurosciences, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
8
Coordinator of Nursing Research, Nursing Research Unit, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO, Barcelona, Spain.
9
Coordinator of Nursing Researcher, Nursing Research Unit, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO, Barcelona, Spain.
10
Nurse, Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Control and Prevention Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO; and Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain.
11
Nurse and Predoctoral student, Medicine and Health Sciences School, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.
12
Associate Researcher, Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Control and Prevention Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO; and Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain.
13
Project Manager, Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Control and Prevention Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO; and Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain.
14
Project Manager, Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Control and Prevention Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO. Av; and Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain.
15
Administrative support, Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Control and Prevention Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO; and Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain.
16
Program Coordinator, E_oncologia Unit, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO, Barcelona, Spain.
17
Director E-oncologia, E_oncologia Unit, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO, Barcelona, Spain.
18
Director of the Tobacco Control Unit, Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Control and Prevention Programme, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO; Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL; and Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess changes in the self-reported performance of smoking cessation interventions according to the 5A's model (Ask; Advise; Assess; Assist; and Arrange follow-up) among clinicians; and to identify the main barriers and facilitators in smoking cessation implementation before and after an online smoking cessation training program.

DESIGN:

Pre-post evaluation.

METHODS:

We assessed self-reported smoking cessation interventions in the implementation of the 5A's model among clinicians working in Catalan hospitals (Spain). In addition, we assessed individual-, behavioral-, and organizational-level factors that act as barriers and facilitators in the implementation of the 5A's model. We used a questionnaire of 63 items reflecting each of the 5A's performance (scored from 0 = none to 10 = most possible). The questionnaire was completed both immediately before and 6 months after the training. We analyzed the data of those participants who had a clinical role and answered pre- and post-questionnaires. We used the nonparametric test for paired data (Wilcoxon) to examine changes in scores.

FINDINGS:

A total of 127 clinicians completed the pre-post questionnaire; 63.0% were registered nurses, 17.3% were nursing assistants, 7.9% were physicians, and 11.8% were other professionals (p < .001). Overall, there were significant increases in the implementation of the assist component (from a score of 4.5 to 5.2; p < .003) and arrange a follow-up component (from 3.6 to 4.5; p < .001) of the intervention. Scores in the perception of the level of overall preparation, preparedness in using smoking cessation drugs, level of competence, and organizational recognition improved (p < .001) at the follow-up; however, the score in the perception that implementing smoking cessation is part of their job decreased (from 6.3 to 4.4; p < .001).

CONCLUSIONS:

The online training had a positive impact on the implementation of assist and arrange follow-up components. Although self-preparedness in the management of smokers increased, the motivation and involvement of key professionals decreased. Organizational factors related to the incorporation of resources (such as protocols, records, etc.) should be improved for the correct progression of smoking cessation interventions within the institutions.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

Smoking cessation training programs should incorporate some motivational content to increase the engagement of health professionals in smoking cessation interventions in their clinical practice.

KEYWORDS:

Barriers; brief intervention; health organizations; healthcare workers; nurses; online training; smoking cessation; tobacco cessation

PMID:
30874373
DOI:
10.1111/jnu.12469

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