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Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2019 Dec;47(1):822-832. doi: 10.1080/21691401.2019.1576706.

Effects of graphene oxide and graphene oxide quantum dots on the osteogenic differentiation of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth.

Author information

1
a Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology , Sun Yat-sen University , Guangzhou , China.
2
b Xianning Central Hospital , The First Affiliated Hospital Of Hubei University Of Science And Technology , Xianning , China.
3
c School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering , Sun Yat-sen University , Zhuhai , China.
4
d International Department , The Affiliated High School of SCNU , Guangzhou , China.

Abstract

Graphene and its derivatives, graphene oxide (GO) and graphene oxide quantum dots (GOQDs), have recently attracted much attention as bioactive factors in differentiating stem cells towards osteoblastic lineage. The stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) possess the properties of self-renewal, extensive proliferation, and multiple differentiation potential, and have gradually become one of the most promising mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in bone tissue engineering. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of GO and GOQDs on the osteogenic differentiation of SHEDs. In this study, GO and GOQDs facilitated SHED proliferation up to 7 days in vitro at the concentration of 1 μg/ml. Because of their excellent fluorescent properties, GOQD uptake by SHEDs was confirmed and distributed in the SHED cytoplasm. Calcium nodules formation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and RNA and protein expression increased significantly in SHEDs treated with osteogenic induction medium containing GOQDs but decreased with osteogenic induction medium containing GO. Interestingly, the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway appeared to be involved in osteogenic differentiation of SHEDs induced with GOQDs. In summary, GO and GOQDs at the concentration of 1 μg/ml promoted SHED proliferation. GOQDs induced the osteogenic differentiation of SHEDs, whilst GO slightly inhibited it.

KEYWORDS:

The stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth; graphene oxide; graphene oxide quantum dots; osteogenic differentiation

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