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World J Plast Surg. 2019 Jan;8(1):116-119. doi: 10.29252/wjps.8.1.116.

Rare Complication of Botox Injection: A Case Report.

Author information

1
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2
Trauma and Injury Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3
Department of Surgery, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Botulinum toxin (BTX) is also well-known as Botox is produced by a gram-positive anaerobic bacterium called Clostridium botulinum. Generally, clinical manifestations of BTX can be observed after consumption of contaminated food, from colonization of the infant gastrointestinal tract, as well as following the infection of the wound to this bacterium. There are seven types of this neurotoxin labeled as A, B, C (C1, C2), D, E, and F. Human botulinum is caused by types A, B, E and rarely F. The most common clinical symptoms of BTX in cosmetic goals are cervical dystonia, severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis, strabismus, neurogenic detrusor over-activity, chronic migraine, upper limb spasticity and blepharospasm. Botox has a wide range of therapeutic uses and occasionally patients receiving this treatment may experience botulism symptom including local and even distant and autonomic symptoms. Despite the efficacies of Botox in treatment of myriad neurologic and cosmetic conditions, it may carry some risk of sever adverse effects which may be the result of local or systemic spreading of the drug. Our patient was a 22 years old man who received Botox for axillary hyperhidrosis after two weeks, when most of generalized complications of botulinum toxin appeared. This case was introduced for being aware of dangerous complication of Botox. Pyridostigmine could relieve symptoms of the patient.

KEYWORDS:

Botox; Botulinum; Complication; Iran; Toxin

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