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Yi Chuan. 2019 Mar 20;41(3):206-214. doi: 10.16288/j.yczz.18-253.

[The BES1/BZR1 transcription factors regulate growth, development and stress resistance in plants].

[Article in Chinese]

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Maize Research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China.


Brassinosteroid (BR) is a class of plant-specific steroidal hormone and plays vital roles in plant growth, developmental and stress response. As the core component of BR signaling, the BES1/BZR1 transcription factors are activated by the BR signal, bind to the E-box (CANNTG) or BRRE element (CGTGT/CG) enriched in the promoter of downstream target genes and regulate their expression. Besides BR signal transduction, BES1/BZR1s are also involved in other signaling pathways such as abscisic acid, gibberellin and light to co-regulate plant growth and development. Recently, BES1/BZR1s were found to be related to stress resistance. In this review, we summarize recent advances of molecular mechanism of the BES1/BZR1 transcription factors regulating plant growth, development and stress resistance through signal transduction to provide a reference for related researches.


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