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PeerJ. 2019 Mar 8;7:e6557. doi: 10.7717/peerj.6557. eCollection 2019.

Transcriptome sequencing and comparative analysis of adult ovary and testis identify potential gonadal maintenance-related genes in Mauremys reevesii with temperature-dependent sex determination.

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Life Science College of Anhui Normal University, Provincial Key Lab of the Conservation and Exploitation Research of Biological Resources in Anhui, Wuhu, Anhui, P.R. China.
Biochemistry Department of Wannan Medical College, Provincial Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wuhu, Anhui, P.R. China.


Mauremys reevesii is a classical organism with temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD). Gonad development in early life has recently received considerable attention but gonadal maintenance after sex differentiation in turtles with TSD remains a mystery. In this study, we sequenced the transcriptomes for the adult testis and ovary using RNA-seq, and 36,221 transcripts were identified. In total, 1,594 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified where 756 DEGs were upregulated in the testis and 838 DEGs were upregulated in the ovary. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis suggested that the TGF-beta signaling pathway and Hedgehog signaling pathway have important roles in testis maintenance and spermatogenesis, whereas the Hippo signaling pathway and Wnt signaling pathway are likely to participate in ovary maintenance. We determined the existence of antagonistic networks containing significant specific-expressed genes and pathways related to gonadal maintenance and gametogenesis in the adult gonads of M. reevesii. The candidate gene Fibronectin type 3 and ankyrin repeat domains 1 (FANK1) might be involved with the regulation of testis spermatogenesis.


Differentially expressed gene; Mauremys reevesii; Ovary; Testis; Transcriptome analysis

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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