Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019 Aug 1;104(8):3192-3202. doi: 10.1210/jc.2019-00299.

Impaired Glucose Metabolism in Primary Aldosteronism Is Associated With Cortisol Cosecretion.

Author information

Endokrinologie in Charlottenburg, Berlin, Germany.
Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik IV, Klinikum der Universität München, Munich, Germany.
Institute of Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center of Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany.
Institute of Biometrics and Epidemiology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Center for Diabetes Research at Heinrich Heine University, Duesseldorf, Germany.
German Center for Diabetes Research, Munich-Neuherberg, Germany.
Klinik für Endokrinologie, Diabetologie und Klinische Ernährung, Universitätsspital Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland.
Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University, Duesseldorf, Germany.
Institute for Clinical Diabetology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Center for Diabetes Research at Heinrich Heine University, Duesseldorf, Germany.



Primary aldosteronism (PA) is associated with higher cardiovascular morbidity and metabolic risks. Recent studies report glucocorticoid cosecretion as a relevant phenotype of PA, which could contribute to associated risks, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The relationship between autonomous cortisol secretion (ACS) and glucose metabolism in PA has not been investigated.


To evaluate the prevalence of impaired glucose homeostasis in patients with PA according to cortisol cosecretion.


We performed oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) and complete testing for hypercortisolism [1-mg dexamethasone suppression test (DST), late-night salivary cortisol, 24-hour urinary free cortisol] in 161 newly diagnosed patients with PA of the German Conn Registry. Seventy-six of 161 patients were reevaluated at follow-up. We compared our results to a population-based sample from the Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA)-F4 study matched to the participants with PA (3:1) by sex, age, and body mass index.


At the time of diagnosis, 125 patients (77.6%) had a pathological response in at least one of the Cushing screening tests; T2DM was diagnosed in 6.4% of these 125 cases. Patients with a pathological DST exhibited significantly higher 2-hour plasma glucose in OGTTs and were significantly more often diagnosed with T2DM than were patients with a normal DST (20% vs 0.8%, P < 0.0001) and matched controls from the KORA study (20.6% vs 5.9%, P = 0.022). Patients with PA without ACS tended to have higher homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance levels than did KORA control subjects (P = 0.05).


ACS appears frequently in patients with PA and is associated with impaired glucose metabolism, which could increase the risk of T2DM. PA itself seems to enhance insulin resistance.


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center