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J Immunol. 1986 Jun 15;136(12):4470-9.

HD39 (B3), a B lineage-restricted antigen whose cell surface expression is limited to resting and activated human B lymphocytes.

Abstract

The B cell-restricted antigen HD39, whose cell surface expression is limited to resting and activated human B lymphocytes, is described in this report. The monoclonal antibody HD39 detects a two-chain glycoprotein with apparent molecular weights of 130,000 and 140,000. During B cell ontogeny, HD39 is first expressed in the cytoplasm of bone marrow derived pre-B cells, then appears on the cell surface of sIgM+ B cells, and finally on the majority of sIgM+ sIgD+ resting B cells. After activation in vitro, the expression of HD39 on the cell surface first increases, and then the antigen is lost as cells begin to differentiate. HD39 is weakly expressed on very few non-T cell ALL and B cell CLL, on approximately 50% of B cell lymphomas, and not on Waldenström's macroglobulinemias and myelomas. In contrast, it is strongly expressed on all hairy cell leukemias. Its limited cell surface expression in B cell ontogeny suggests that HD39 may be important in the events that regulate the activation of the human resting B lymphocytes.

PMID:
3086431
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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