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Pulm Med. 2019 Feb 3;2019:5942783. doi: 10.1155/2019/5942783. eCollection 2019.

Pulmonary Densitovolumetry Using Computed Tomography in Patients with Nontuberculous Mycobacteria: Correlation with Pulmonary Function Tests.

Author information

1
Post-Graduate Program in Medical Sciences, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
2
Post-Graduate Program in Clinical Medicine, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
3
Laboratory of Respiration Physiology, Carlos Chagas Filho Institute of Biophysics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
4
Laboratory of Pulmonary Engineering, Biomedical Engineering Program, Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute of Post-Graduation and Research in Engineering, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
5
Rehabilitation Sciences Post-Graduate Program, Augusto Motta University Center (UNISUAM), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Abstract

Background:

Since nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) is a condition with increasing morbidity, a more detailed knowledge of radiological aspects and pulmonary function plays a relevant role in the diagnosis and appropriate therapeutic management of these patients.

Objectives:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in lung parenchyma through computed tomography (CT) densitometry and, secondarily, to analyze its correlation with pulmonary function testing (PFT) in patients with NTM-PD.

Methods:

This is a cross-sectional study in which 31 patients with NTM-PD and 27 controls matched by sex, age, and body mass index underwent CT pulmonary densitovolumetry and pulmonary function tests including spirometry and body plethysmograph.

Results:

Based on the total lung volume (TLV) and total lung mass (TLM) measurements, the cumulative mass ratios were calculated for 3% (M3), 15% (M15), 85% (M85), and 97% (M97) of the TLV. We also calculated the complement, which is represented by TLM (100%) minus the mass of 15% (C85) or 3% (C97) of the TLV. Patients with NTM-PD presented lower values of M3 and M15 than controls, with greater significant differences in the apical third and middle third measurements. Compared to controls, patients with NTM-PD showed higher values of C85 and C97, although significant differences were observed only in the basal third measurements. There were negative correlations of total lung capacity with M3 and M15 in the middle third and apical third measurements. There were positive correlations of residual volume and airway resistance with M3 at the apical third measurement.

Conclusions:

Patients with NTM-PD show reduced lung mass and increased lung mass in the apical and basal regions of the lungs, respectively. Furthermore, there is a relationship between lung mass measurements and pulmonary function parameters.

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