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J Cell Physiol. 1986 Jun;127(3):366-72.

In vitro expression of a 38,000 dalton heparin-binding glycoprotein by morphologically differentiated smooth muscle cells.


In vitro, high density monolayer cultures of vascular smooth muscle cells can be induced to form multicellular nodules. The nodular cells appear to be morphologically differentiated smooth muscle cells. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (NaDodSO4)-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to compare the proteins synthesized and secreted by monolayer and nodular cultures of smooth muscle cells. Although most proteins appeared to be similar, the nodular cultures contained a unique heparin binding protein of Mr = 38,000 (38kD protein) (Millis, A.J.T., Hoyle, M., Reich, E., and Mann, D.M., 1985, J. Biol. Chem., 260:3754-3761). The 38kD protein was glycosylated and its apparent molecular weight was shifted to Mr = 32,500 after synthesis in the presence of tunicamycin or digestion with endoglycosidase F. The production of 38kD protein by nodular cell cultures did not appear to result from the degradation of a high molecular weight precursor in nodular conditioned medium. Further, it was not detected in monolayer cell conditioned medium that had been incubated with nodular cells. Finally, its synthesis was not induced in monolayer cell cultures that had been labeled in nodular cell conditioned medium. The 38kD protein appears to be uniquely associated with nodular cultures of smooth muscle cells.

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