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Sci Rep. 2019 Mar 12;9(1):4296. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-40639-x.

Postprandial Effects on ENaC-Mediated Sodium Absorption.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA.
2
Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY, 42101, USA.
3
Department of Physiology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, 30901, USA.
4
Cardiovascular Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA.
5
Department of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA. staruschenko@mcw.edu.
6
Cardiovascular Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA. staruschenko@mcw.edu.
7
Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI, 53295, USA. staruschenko@mcw.edu.

Abstract

Recent studies have suggested that postprandial increases in insulin directly contribute to reduced urinary sodium excretion. An abundance of research supports the ability of insulin to augment epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) transport. This study hypothesized that ENaC contributes to the increase in renal sodium reabsorption following a meal. To test this, we used fasted or 4 hour postprandial Sprague Dawley rats to analyze ENaC expression and activity. We also assessed total expression of additional sodium transporters (Na+-Cl- cotransporter (NCC), Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter (NKCC2), and Na+-K+-ATPase (NKA)) and circulating hormones involved in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). We found that after carbohydrate stimulus, ENaC open probability increased in split-open isolated collecting duct tubules, while ENaC protein levels remained unchanged. This was supported by a lack of change in phosphorylated Nedd4-2, an E3 ubiquitin ligase protein which regulates the number of ENaCs at the plasma membrane. Additionally, we found no differences in total expression of NCC, NKCC2, or NKA in the postprandial rats. Lastly, there were no significant changes in RAAS signaling between the stimulated and fasted rats, suggesting that acute hyperinsulinemia increases ENaC activity independent of the RAAS signaling cascade. These results demonstrate that insulin regulation of ENaC is a potential mechanism to preserve sodium and volume loss following a meal, and that this regulation is distinct from classical ENaC regulation by RAAS.

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