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Int J Mycobacteriol. 2019 Jan-Mar;8(1):25-28. doi: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_29_19.

Detection of multidrug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, using Genotype MTBDRplus.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia; Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Al Zaiem Al Azhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.

Abstract

Background:

The global increase in the rates of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) has made the timely identification of resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains an important emergence to achieve effective disease management and to prevent their spread in the community. The present study aimed to determine the MDR-TB in Tabuk province, north of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Methods:

The GenoType MTBDRplus assay was used to determine the mutations associated with isoniazid (INH) and rifampicin (RIF) resistances. A total number of 61 confirmed M. tuberculosis positive-sputum samples were scanned for the mutation in the rpoB, inhA, and katG genes.

Results:

The present study revealed that 67.2% of the samples were susceptible, 29.5% were monoresistant, and 3.3% were MDR.

Conclusions:

The monoresistant showed 26.2% for INH and 3.3% for RIF. The early detection of MDR could guide the starting of appropriate regimen of treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Isoniazid; monoresistant; multidrug-resistant; mutations; rifampicin

PMID:
30860175
DOI:
10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_29_19
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