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Cell Biochem Funct. 1986 Apr;4(2):131-42.

Effects of hydrocortisone on carbohydrase concentrations, de novo synthesis and turnover patterns in immature rat intestine.


Hydrocortisone administration to infant rats enhanced cellobiase and maltase activities and induced precocious expression of sucrase and trehalase activities along the length of the small intestine. These activity changes reflected proportional concentration increases in the enzymes lactase (EC, maltase/glucoamylase (EC and sucrase-isomaltase (EC Administration of an equivalent tracer dose of [3H]leucine (by body weight) to control and hydrocortisone-treated infant rats resulted in greater accumulation of label in the carbohydrase pools of the treated rats, suggesting their increased de novo synthesis. The increased concentrations of lactase and maltase/glucoamylase induced by exogenous hydrocortisone were matched by the presence of corresponding greater amounts of label in their brush border pools. Accumulation of label in each of the lactase, maltase/glucoamylase and sucrase-isomaltase pools was generally similar in the hydrocortisone-treated rats, suggesting equivalent stimulation of their synthesis as a group by the humoral agent. The turnover rates of the carbohydrases as a group were found to be similar and did not appear to differ in control and hydrocortisone-treated rats. Total protein synthesis rates were slightly greater in the intestine of the hydrocortisone-treated group of rats.

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