Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 Mar 26;116(13):6013-6018. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1812068116. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Students of color show health advantages when they attend schools that emphasize the value of diversity.

Author information

1
Institute for Policy Research and Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208; cslevine@uw.edu hmarkus@stanford.edu.
2
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 cslevine@uw.edu hmarkus@stanford.edu.
3
Institute for Policy Research and Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208.

Abstract

As the United States becomes more diverse, the ways in which mainstream institutions recognize and address race and ethnicity will be increasingly important. Here, we show that one novel and salient characteristic of an institutional environment, that is, whether a school emphasizes the value of racial and ethnic diversity, predicts better cardiometabolic health among adolescents of color. Using a diverse sample of adolescents who attend more than 100 different schools in predominantly urban locations, we find that when schools emphasize the value of diversity (operationalized as mentioning diversity in their mission statements), students of color, but not white students, have lower values on a composite of five biomarkers of inflammation, have less insulin resistance and compensatory β-cell activity, and have fewer metabolic syndrome signs and score lower on a continuous metabolic syndrome composite. These results suggest that institutions that emphasize diversity may play an unacknowledged role in protecting the health of people of color and, thus, may be a site for future interventions to reduce health disparities.

KEYWORDS:

ethnicity; health; inequality; race; school

PMID:
30858317
PMCID:
PMC6442588
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1812068116
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center