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Anticancer Res. 1986 Mar-Apr;6(2):177-82.

Cooperation of lymphokine(s) and macrophages in expression of antitumor activity of carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide (Ge-132).


The administration of IFN containing sera (Ge-sera) obtained from Ge-132-treated mice (Ge-mice) or the passive transfer of macrophages (M phi) to mice bearing ascites tumors resulted in the inhibition of tumor growth. The cooperative role of Ge-sera and Ge-M phi in the display of Ge-132-antitumor activity was studied. When mice were pretreated with antimouse IFN gamma antiserum, no IFN-inducing and antitumor activities of the compound were detected. Cytotoxic activities were detected on peritoneal M phi of mice treated with Ge-sera, and passive transfer of these M phi to tumor-bearing mice resulted in the inhibition of tumor growth. When tumor-bearing mice were pretreated with substances toxic to M phi, there was no antitumor activity of Ge-sera observed. However, there was antitumor activity of Ge-sera in mice depleted of T-cells, even though the antitumor effects of the compound itself were not demonstrable in T-cell depleted mice. Therefore, a part of the antitumor activity of Ge-132 may appear to be expressed as follows: (1) Ge-132 stimulated T-cells to produce circulating lymphokine(s) which were inactivated by anti-IFN gamma treatment; (2) activated M phi were generated from resting M phi by such lymphokine(s); (3) the transplanted tumors were inhibited by these M phi.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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