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Alcohol Alcohol. 2019 Jul 1;54(4):396-401. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agz018.

Dose-Response Relative Risk of Injury From Acute Alcohol Consumption in 22 Countries: Are Women at Higher Risk Than Men?

Author information

1
Alcohol Research Group, 6001 Shellmound St., Suite 450, Emeryville, CA, USA.
2
Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC, USA.

Abstract

AIMS:

The risk of injury from alcohol consumption was analyzed by gender, controlling for frequency of heavy drinking occasions, and by cause of injury (traffic, violence, fall, other).

METHODS:

Case-crossover analysis was conducted on 18,627 injured patients arriving at the emergency department (ED) within six hours of the event.

FINDINGS:

Risk of injury was similar for females and males at ≤3 drinks prior to injury (OR = 2.74 vs. 2.76, respectively). At higher volume levels females were at greater risk than males, and significantly so at 3.1-6 drinks and 6.1-10 drinks (gender by volume interaction: OR = 0.60, CI = 0.39-0.93 and OR = 0.50, CI = 0.27-0.93, respectively). For those reporting 5+ ≥ monthly, females were at higher risk than males at all volume levels, and the gender by volume interaction was stronger than for those consuming 5+ <monthly at ≤3 drinks (OR = 0.51, CI = 0.28-0.92) and 6.1-10 drinks (OR = 0.39, CI = 0.18-0.82). Females were at higher risk of injury than males for all causes of injury except those related to traffic at lower levels of consumption (<6 drinks), although the gender by volume interaction was significant only for injury from other causes at 3.1-6 drinks (OR = 0.23, CI = 0.09-0.87).

CONCLUSIONS:

Females are at higher risk of injury than males, regardless of frequency of heavy drinking and for all causes other than those related to traffic.

PMID:
30855647
PMCID:
PMC6671521
[Available on 2020-07-01]
DOI:
10.1093/alcalc/agz018

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