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Methods Mol Biol. 2019;1959:129-150. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-9164-8_9.

Protein Biomarker Discovery in Non-depleted Serum by Spectral Library-Based Data-Independent Acquisition Mass Spectrometry.

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Université Grenoble Alpes, CEA, Inserm, BGE U1038, Grenoble, France.
Université Grenoble Alpes, CEA, Inserm, BGE U1038, Grenoble, France.


In discovery proteomics experiments, tandem mass spectrometry and data-dependent acquisition (DDA) are classically used to identify and quantify peptides and proteins through database searching. This strategy suffers from known limitations such as under-sampling and lack of reproducibility of precursor ion selection in complex proteomics samples, leading to somewhat inconsistent analytical results across large datasets. Data-independent acquisition (DIA) based on fragmentation of all the precursors detected in predetermined isolation windows can potentially overcome this limitation. DIA promises reproducible peptide and protein quantification with deeper proteome coverage and fewer missing values than DDA strategies. This approach is particularly attractive in the field of clinical biomarker discovery, where large numbers of samples must be analyzed. Here, we describe a DIA workflow for non-depleted serum analysis including a straightforward approach through which to construct a dedicated spectral library, and indications on how to optimize chromatographic and mass spectrometry analytical methods to produce high-quality DIA data and results.


Biomarker discovery; Data-independent acquisition; Label-free quantification; Mass spectrometry; Serum

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