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Ambio. 2019 Mar 9. doi: 10.1007/s13280-019-01148-3. [Epub ahead of print]

The environmental externalities of tobacco manufacturing: A review of tobacco industry reporting.

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Erasmus School of Philosophy, Dynamics of Inclusive Prosperity Initiative, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Environmental Health Initiative, University of California San Francisco, 530 Parnassus Avenue, Suite 366, San Francisco, 94143, USA.
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, School of Nursing, University of California San Francisco, 530 Parnassus Avenue, Suite 366, San Francisco, 94143, USA.


Growing research and public awareness of the environmental impacts of tobacco present an opportunity for environmental science and public health to work together. Various United Nations agencies share interests in mitigating the environmental costs of tobacco. Since 2000, transnational tobacco industry consolidation has accelerated, spotlighting the specific companies responsible for the environmental and human harms along the tobacco production chain. Simultaneously, corporate social responsibility norms have led the industry to disclose statistics on the environmental harms their business causes. Yet, independent and consistent reporting remain hurdles to accurately assessing tobacco's environmental impact. This article is the first to analyze publicly available industry data on tobacco manufacturing pollution. Tobacco's significant environmental impact suggests this industry should be included in environmental analyses as a driver of environmental degradation influencing climate change. Countries aiming to meet UN Sustainable Development Goals must act to reduce environmental harms caused by the tobacco industry.


Drivers of climate change; Industrial externalities; Product manufacturing; Sustainability; Tobacco industry


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