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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 May;83(10):3513-7.

Low-dimensional chaos in an instance of epilepsy.


Using a time series obtained from the electroencephalogram recording of a human epileptic seizure, we show the existence of a chaotic attractor, the latter being the direct consequence of the deterministic nature of brain activity. This result is compared with other attractors seen in normal human brain dynamics. A sudden jump is observed between the dimensionalities of these brain attractors (4.05 +/- 0.05 for deep sleep) and the very low dimensionality of the epileptic state (2.05 +/- 0.09). The evaluation of the autocorrelation function and of the largest Lyapunov exponent allows us to sharpen further the main features of underlying dynamics. Possible implications in biological and medical research are briefly discussed.

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