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Sci Rep. 2019 Mar 8;9(1):3942. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-40595-6.

Quantitative Estimation of the Equivalent Radiation Dose Escalation using Radiofrequency Hyperthermia in Mouse Xenograft Models of Human Lung Cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School, Kookmin University, Seoul, 02707, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Radiation Oncology, SMG-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, 07061, Republic of Korea.
3
School of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Integrative Biomedical Science and Engineering, Graduate School, Kookmin University, Seoul, 02707, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Pathology, SMG-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, 07061, Republic of Korea.
5
Department of Radiation Oncology, SMG-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, 07061, Republic of Korea. suzy101@snu.ac.kr.
6
Department of Radiation Oncology and Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Hyperthermia is a potent radiosensitizer, and its effect varies according to the different types of cancer cells. In the present study, the radiosensitizing effect of hyperthermia on lung cancer cell lines A549 and NCI-H1299 was determined based on the equivalent radiation dose escalation. In vitro cell experiments were conducted using lung cancer cell lines A549 and NCI-H1299 to determine thermal radiosensitivity. In vivo experiments were conducted using mouse heterotopic xenograft models to determine the treatment response and increase in the temperature of tumors using a 13.56 MHz radiofrequency (RF) hyperthermia device. Using the α and β values of the linear-quadratic equations of cell survival curves, numerical simulations were performed to calculate the equivalent radiation dose escalations. The dielectric properties of tumors were measured, and their effect on the calculated equivalent radiation dose was analyzed. Hyperthermia increased the equivalent radiation dose of lung cancer xenografts and a higher escalation was found in NCI-H1299 cells compared with that observed in A549 cells. An underestimation of the calculated equivalent radiation dose was observed when the dielectric property of the tumor was varied. This study may contribute to the effective planning of thermoradiotherapy in clinics.

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