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Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2019 May;88:301-307. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2019.02.065. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Allelic variation in a single genomic region alters the hemolymph proteome in the snail Biomphalaria glabrata.

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Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, St. George's University, Grenada. Electronic address:
Mass Spectrometry Center, Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA.
Department of Integrative Biology, College of Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA.


Freshwater snails are obligate intermediate hosts for numerous parasitic trematodes, most notably schistosomes. Schistosomiasis is a devastating human and veterinary illness, which is primarily controlled by limiting the transmission of these parasites from their intermediate snail hosts. Understanding how this transmission occurs, as well as the basic immunobiology of these snails may be important for controlling this disease in the future. Allelic variation in the Guadeloupe resistance complex (GRC) of Biomphalaria glabrata partially determines their susceptibility to parasitic infection, and can influence the microbiome diversity and microbial defenses in the hemolymph of these snails. In the present study, we examine the most abundant proteins present in the hemolymph of snails that are resistant or susceptible to schistosomes, as determined by their GRC genotype. Using proteomic analysis, we found that snails with different GRC genotypes have differentially abundant hemolymph proteins that are not explained by differences in transcription. There are 13 revealed hemolymph proteins that differ significantly between resistant and susceptible genotypes, nearly 40% of which are involved in immune responses. These findings build on the mounting evidence that genes in the GRC region have multiple physiological roles, and likely contribute more extensively to the general immune response than previously believed. These data also raise the intriguing possibility that the GRC region controls resistance to schistosomes, not directly, but indirectly via its effects on the snail's proteome and potentially its microbiome.


Allelic variation; Biomphalaria glabrata; Hemolymph; Proteomics

[Available on 2020-05-01]
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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