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J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr. 2019 Mar 8:1-15. doi: 10.1080/21551197.2018.1552226. [Epub ahead of print]

Obesity, Dietary inflammation, and Frailty among Older Adults: Evidence from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Author information

1
a Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health , University of South Carolina , Columbia , SC , USA.
2
b Cancer Prevention and Control Program , University of South Carolina , Columbia , SC , USA.
3
c College of Nursing , University of South Carolina , Columbia , SC , USA.
4
d Connecting Health Innovations, LLC , Columbia , SC , USA.

Abstract

Knowledge related to the relationship between obesity and frailty is limited. This study aimed to investigate associations between obesity, dietary inflammation, and frailty among older adults. Study data came from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2014) examinations of adults age ≥60 years (n = 7182). Dietary inflammatory potential was determined using the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) derived from 24-h dietary recall. We analyzed independent and joint associations of obesity and DII with frailty to evaluate interaction. Multivariable logistic regression revealed that both obesity (Odds Ratio [OR] = 2.24, 95% CI: 1.68, 2.99) and moderately pro-inflammatory DII (OR = 1.68, 95% CI: 1.10, 2.58) were independently associated with greater frailty prevalence. A negative multiplicative interaction between obesity and highest pro-inflammatory diet also was found (adjusted odds in non-obese and obese were 2.07 and 2.37, respectively; p = 0.046). Results indicate the importance of considering obesity and dietary inflammatory potential when screening for frailty or developing treatments.

KEYWORDS:

Dietary inflammation; frailty; interaction; obesity

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