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Phys Rev Lett. 2019 Feb 22;122(7):072301. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.072301.

Azimuthal Anisotropy of Heavy-Flavor Decay Electrons in p-Pb Collisions at sqrt[s_{NN}]=5.02  TeV.

Acharya S, Adamová D, Adolfsson J, Aggarwal MM, Aglieri Rinella G, Agnello M, Agrawal N, Ahammed Z, Ahn SU, Aiola S, Akindinov A, Al-Turany M, Alam SN, Albuquerque DSD, Aleksandrov D, Alessandro B, Alfaro Molina R, Ali Y, Alici A, Alkin A, Alme J, Alt T, Altenkamper L, Altsybeev I, Anaam MN, Andrei C, Andreou D, Andrews HA, Andronic A, Angeletti M, Anguelov V, Anson C, Antičić T, Antinori F, Antonioli P, Anwar R, Apadula N, Aphecetche L, Appelshäuser H, Arcelli S, Arnaldi R, Arnold OW, Arsene IC, Arslandok M, Augustinus A, Averbeck R, Azmi MD, Badalà A, Baek YW, Bagnasco S, Bailhache R, Bala R, Baldisseri A, Ball M, Baral RC, Barbano AM, Barbera R, Barile F, Barioglio L, Barnaföldi GG, Barnby LS, Barret V, Bartalini P, Barth K, Bartsch E, Bastid N, Basu S, Batigne G, Batyunya B, Batzing PC, Bazo Alba JL, Bearden IG, Beck H, Bedda C, Behera NK, Belikov I, Bellini F, Bello Martinez H, Bellwied R, Beltran LGE, Belyaev V, Bencedi G, Beole S, Bercuci A, Berdnikov Y, Berenyi D, Bertens RA, 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Abstract

Angular correlations between heavy-flavor decay electrons and charged particles at midrapidity (|η|<0.8) are measured in p-Pb collisions at sqrt[s_{NN}]=5.02  TeV. The analysis is carried out for the 0%-20% (high) and 60%-100% (low) multiplicity ranges. The jet contribution in the correlation distribution from high-multiplicity events is removed by subtracting the distribution from low-multiplicity events. An azimuthal modulation remains after removing the jet contribution, similar to previous observations in two-particle angular correlation measurements for light-flavor hadrons. A Fourier decomposition of the modulation results in a positive second-order coefficient (v_{2}) for heavy-flavor decay electrons in the transverse momentum interval 1.5<p_{T}<4  GeV/c in high-multiplicity events, with a significance larger than 5σ. The results are compared with those of charged particles at midrapidity and those of inclusive muons at forward rapidity. The v_{2} measurement of open heavy-flavor particles at midrapidity in small collision systems could provide crucial information to help interpret the anisotropies observed in such systems.

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