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Phys Rev Lett. 2019 Feb 22;122(7):071301. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.071301.

First Results on the Scalar WIMP-Pion Coupling, Using the XENON1T Experiment.

Aprile E, Aalbers J, Agostini F, Alfonsi M, Althueser L, Amaro FD, Anthony M, Antochi VC, Arneodo F, Baudis L, Bauermeister B, Benabderrahmane ML, Berger T, Breur PA, Brown A, Brown A, Brown E, Bruenner S, Bruno G, Budnik R, Capelli C, Cardoso JMR, Cichon D, Coderre D, Colijn AP, Conrad J, Cussonneau JP, Decowski MP, de Perio P, Di Gangi P, Di Giovanni A, Diglio S, Elykov A, Eurin G, Fei J, Ferella AD, Fieguth A, Fulgione W, Gallo Rosso A, Galloway M, Gao F, Garbini M, Grandi L, Greene Z, Hasterok C, Hogenbirk E, Howlett J, Iacovacci M, Itay R, Joerg F, Kaminsky B, Kazama S, Kish A, Koltman G, Kopec A, Landsman H, Lang RF, Levinson L, Lin Q, Lindemann S, Lindner M, Lombardi F, Lopes JAM, López Fune E, Macolino C, Mahlstedt J, Manfredini A, Marignetti F, Marrodán Undagoitia T, Masbou J, Masson D, Mastroianni S, Messina M, Micheneau K, Miller K, Molinario A, Morå K, Murra M, Naganoma J, Ni K, Oberlack U, Odgers K, Pelssers B, Piastra F, Pienaar J, Pizzella V, Plante G, Podviianiuk R, Priel N, Qiu H, Ramírez García D, Reichard S, Riedel B, Rizzo A, Rocchetti A, Rupp N, Dos Santos JMF, Sartorelli G, Šarčević N, Scheibelhut M, Schindler S, Schreiner J, Schulte D, Schumann M, Scotto Lavina L, Selvi M, Shagin P, Shockley E, Silva M, Simgen H, Therreau C, Thers D, Toschi F, Trinchero G, Tunnell C, Upole N, Vargas M, Wack O, Wang H, Wang Z, Wei Y, Weinheimer C, Wenz D, Wittweg C, Wulf J, Ye J, Zhang Y, Zhu T, Zopounidis JP; XENON Collaboration <a href="#n6">6</a>, Hoferichter M1, Klos P2,3, Menéndez J4, Schwenk A5,2,3.

Author information

Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1550, USA.
Institut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany.
Extreme Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany.
Center for Nuclear Study, The University of Tokyo, 113-0033 Tokyo, Japan.
Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.


We present first results on the scalar coupling of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) to pions from 1  t yr of exposure with the XENON1T experiment. This interaction is generated when the WIMP couples to a virtual pion exchanged between the nucleons in a nucleus. In contrast to most nonrelativistic operators, these pion-exchange currents can be coherently enhanced by the total number of nucleons and therefore may dominate in scenarios where spin-independent WIMP-nucleon interactions are suppressed. Moreover, for natural values of the couplings, they dominate over the spin-dependent channel due to their coherence in the nucleus. Using the signal model of this new WIMP-pion channel, no significant excess is found, leading to an upper limit cross section of 6.4×10^{-46}  cm^{2} (90% confidence level) at 30  GeV/c^{2} WIMP mass.

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