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J Autism Dev Disord. 2019 Mar 7. doi: 10.1007/s10803-019-03957-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Identifying the Cognitive Correlates of Reciprocity in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Rd., Tainan City, 701, Taiwan, R.O.C.
2
Occupational Therapy, Department of Rehabilitation, Taoyuan Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, No. 123, Dinghu Rd., Guishan Dist., Taoyuan City, Taiwan, R.O.C.
3
Department of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiatric Hospital, No. 130, Kaisyuan 2nd. Rd., Lingya Dist., Kaohsiung City, 802, Taiwan, R.O.C.
4
Department of Psychology, Kaohsiung Medical University, No. 100, Shiquan 1st Rd., Sanmin Dist., Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, R.O.C.
5
Department of Medical Research, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, No. 100, Ziyou 1st Rd., Sanmin Dist., Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, R.O.C.
6
Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling, National Tsing Hua University, No. 101, Section 2, Kuang-Fu Rd., Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
7
Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Rd., Tainan City, 701, Taiwan, R.O.C.. klchen@mail.ncku.edu.tw.
8
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Rd., Tainan City, 701, Taiwan, R.O.C.. klchen@mail.ncku.edu.tw.

Abstract

This study examined the cognitive correlates of reciprocity in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A total of 59 children with ASD were assessed with the Interactive Drawing Task, Theory of Mind Task Battery, Children's Card Change Sort Task, and Children's Gambling Task respectively for their reciprocity, theory of mind, cool executive function (EF), and hot EF. The correlational findings revealed that cool EF (r = .482 and - .501, p < .01) and hot EF (r = .396, p < .05) were significantly correlated with children's total reciprocity. The regression models also showed that cool and hot EF abilities were significant predictors. Conclusively, cool and hot EF abilities are the correlates of reciprocity rather than of ToM in children with ASD.

KEYWORDS:

Autism spectrum disorder; Executive function; Reciprocity; Theory of mind

PMID:
30847708
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-019-03957-7

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