Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nutrients. 2019 Mar 6;11(3). pii: E556. doi: 10.3390/nu11030556.

A Standardized Phlorotannin Supplement Attenuates Caffeine-Induced Sleep Disruption in Mice.

Author information

1
S&D Research and Development Institute, Cheongju 28156, Korea. so-kwon0004@hanmail.net.
2
Major in Food Biotechnology School of Food Science & Biotechnology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea. so-kwon0004@hanmail.net.
3
Research Division of Food Functionality, Korea Food Research Institute, Wanju-gun 55365, Korea. msyoon@kfri.re.kr.
4
Research Division of Food Functionality, Korea Food Research Institute, Wanju-gun 55365, Korea. jklee@kfri.re.kr.
5
Major in Food Biotechnology School of Food Science & Biotechnology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea. kdmoon@knu.ac.kr.
6
S&D Research and Development Institute, Cheongju 28156, Korea. concisenews@naver.com.
7
Department of Food Science and Technology, Pukyong National University, Busan 48513, Korea. owlkim@pknu.ac.kr.
8
Department of Food Science and Technology, Pukyong National University, Busan 48513, Korea. scho@pknu.ac.kr.

Abstract

In our previous studies, a standardized phlorotannin (brown seaweed polyphenol) supplement (PS) exhibited sleep-promoting effects via type A γ-aminobutyric acid-benzodiazepine receptors in mice. In addition, in human clinical trials, it decreased wake after sleep onset in adults with sleep disturbance. In this follow-up study, we investigated whether PS attenuates caffeine-induced sleep disruption in mice. The effects of PS were evaluated in a caffeine model by analyzing sleep architecture based on electroencephalogram and electromyogram findings, and were compared with the effects of a well-known sedative-hypnotic drug zolpidem (ZPD). As expected, oral administration of caffeine (25 mg/kg) significantly increased sleep latency and decreased the amount of non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREMS). In the caffeine + PS and caffeine + ZPD groups, PS (500 mg/kg) attenuated caffeine-induced sleep disruption, and its effects were comparable with those of ZPD (10 mg/kg). In particular, PS inhibited the arousal effects of caffeine without change in delta activity during NREMS, whereas ZPD produced a decrease in the delta activity. Considering global trends in coffee and energy drink consumption, our finding suggest that PS may be useful to relieve transitory insomnia symptoms caused by caffeine consumption, unlike the prescription drug ZPD.

KEYWORDS:

caffeine-induced arousal; delta activity; phlorotannin; sleep disruption; sleep-promoting

PMID:
30845636
DOI:
10.3390/nu11030556
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Loading ...
Support Center