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Cancer Med. 2019 Mar 7. doi: 10.1002/cam4.2084. [Epub ahead of print]

Disparities in colorectal cancer screening in New York City: An analysis of the 2014 NYC Community Health Survey.

Author information

1
NYU Langone Health, New York, New York.
2
University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington.
3
VA New York Harbor Health Care System, New York, New York.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Disparities in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening uptake by race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geography are well documented. We sought to further characterize the relationship between sociodemographic factors and up-to-date colonoscopy use in a diverse urban center using the 2014 New York City Community Health Survey (NYCCHS).

METHODS:

We examined overall colonoscopy uptake by race/ethnicity-with a particular interest in Asian and Hispanic subgroups-and used weighting to represent the entire 2014 NYC adult population. We also evaluated the association between 10 sociodemographic variables (age, sex, race/ethnicity, birthplace, home language, time living in the US, education, employment, income, and borough of residence) and colonoscopy use using univariable and multivariable logistic regression models.

RESULTS:

Up-to-date colonoscopy uptake was 69% overall with reported differences by racial/ethnic group, ranging from 44%-45% for Mexicans and Asian Indians to 75% for Dominicans. In the multivariable regression model, colonoscopy use was associated with age greater than 65 years, Chinese language spoken at home, and not being in the labor force. Lower colonoscopy use was associated with living in the US for less than 5 years, Asian Indian language spoken at home, lower income, and residing outside of Manhattan.

CONCLUSIONS:

Among New Yorkers older than age 50, up-to-date colonoscopy use varied significantly by race/ethnicity, especially in Asian and Hispanic subgroups. Recent immigrants, low-income groups, and those living outside of Manhattan were significantly less likely to receive CRC screening. Targeted interventions to promote CRC screening in these underserved groups may improve overall screening uptake.

KEYWORDS:

New York City; colorectal cancer; disparities; race/ethnicity; screening

PMID:
30843666
DOI:
10.1002/cam4.2084
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