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Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2019 Mar 6:9922819832088. doi: 10.1177/0009922819832088. [Epub ahead of print]

Effective Implementation of Culturally Appropriate Tools in Addressing Overweight and Obesity in an Urban Underserved Early Childhood Population in Pediatric Primary Care.

Author information

1
1 Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
2
2 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
3
3 Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA.
4
4 The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Abstract

Overweight and obese children are at an increased risk of remaining obese. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends addressing healthy habits at well-child checks, but this poses challenges, especially in low-income populations. A clinical innovation project was designed to adapt recommendations in a busy urban clinic and consisted of motivational interviewing, culturally tailored tools, and standardizing documentation. A quasi-experimental design examined innovation outcomes. Of 137 overweight and obese children aged 24 to 66 months, providers' documentation of weight during well-child check visits improved post-innovation ( P < .01), as did development of healthy habits goals ( P < .001). Families were more likely to return for visits post-innovation ( P = .01). A logistic regression analysis showed that adding body mass index to the problem list and establishing a specific follow-up timeframe most predicted follow-up visits to assess progress ( P < .001). Comprehensive innovations consisting of motivational interviewing, implementation of culturally tailored tools, and standardized documentation can enhance engagement in an urban clinic setting.

KEYWORDS:

early childhood; early intervention; motivational interviewing; obesity; overweight; pediatric primary care

PMID:
30841719
DOI:
10.1177/0009922819832088

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