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Nutrients. 2019 Mar 5;11(3). pii: E554. doi: 10.3390/nu11030554.

Validity and Reproducibility of a Self-Administered Food Frequency Questionnaire for the Assessment of Sugar Intake in Middle-Aged Japanese Adults.

Author information

1
Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Centre for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Centre, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan. rkanehar@ncc.go.jp.
2
Department of Food and Nutritional Science, Graduate School of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo 156-8502, Japan. rkanehar@ncc.go.jp.
3
Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Centre for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Centre, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan. atgoto@ncc.go.jp.
4
Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Centre for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Centre, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan. asunami@ncc.go.jp.
5
Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Centre for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Centre, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan. nagmori@ncc.go.jp.
6
Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Centre for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Centre, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan. ar-nakamura@my-zaidan.or.jp.
7
Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Centre for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Centre, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan. nsawada@ncc.go.jp.
8
Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Centre for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Centre, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan. j-ishihara@azabu-u.ac.jp.
9
Department of Food and Life Science, School of Life and Environmental Science, Azabu University, Kanagawa 252-5201, Japan. j-ishihara@azabu-u.ac.jp.
10
Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Centre for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Centre, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan. rtakachi@cc.nara-wu.ac.jp.
11
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Human Life and Environment, Nara Women's University, Nara 630-8506, Japan. rtakachi@cc.nara-wu.ac.jp.
12
Department of Nutritional Science, Faculty of Applied Bioscience, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo 156-8502, Japan. y1kawano@nodai.ac.jp.
13
Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Centre for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Centre, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan. moiwasak@ncc.go.jp.
14
Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Centre for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Centre, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan. stsugane@ncc.go.jp.

Abstract

We evaluated the validity and reproducibility of estimated sugar intakes using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) among middle-aged Japanese adults in the Japan Public Health Centre-Based Prospective (JPHC) study. In subsamples of the JPHC study (Cohorts I and II in multiple areas), we computed Spearman's correlations of FFQ results with urine sugar concentrations and dietary records (DR) for validity; we evaluated correlations between two FFQs for reproducibility. During 1994⁻1998, participants (Cohort I: n = 27 [men], n = 45 [women]) provided two (spring and fall) 24-h urine samples and completed 7-consecutive-day DR per season (I: n = 99, n = 113; II: n = 168, n = 171) and two FFQs (147 food items) at yearly intervals (I: n = 101, n = 108; II: n = 143, n = 146). Sugar intakes from FFQ were correlated with urinary sugar (de-attenuated correlations: 0.40; 95%CI: 0.19, 0.58). After adjustment for sociodemographic and lifestyle variables, correlations between FFQ and DR for men and women were 0.57 (0.42, 0.69) and 0.41 (0.24, 0.55) (I) and 0.56 (0.44, 0.65) and 0.34 (0.20, 0.47) (II), respectively. Correlations between FFQs for men and women were 0.63 (0.49, 0.73) and 0.55 (0.41, 0.67) (I) and 0.66 (0.55, 0.74) and 0.63 (0.52, 0.72) (II). In conclusion, our study showed moderate FFQ validity and reproducibility for sugar intake evaluation.

KEYWORDS:

East Asians; dietary record; food frequency questionnaire; sugar intakes

PMID:
30841627
PMCID:
PMC6470835
DOI:
10.3390/nu11030554
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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