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Cell Rep. 2019 Mar 5;26(10):2753-2765.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.02.029.

Genetic Dissection of the Type III-A CRISPR-Cas System Csm Complex Reveals Roles of Individual Subunits.

Author information

1
Institute of Biotechnology, Vilnius University, Saulėtekio av. 7, 10257 Vilnius, Lithuania.
2
Institute of Biotechnology, Vilnius University, Saulėtekio av. 7, 10257 Vilnius, Lithuania. Electronic address: tamulaitis@ibt.lt.
3
Institute of Biotechnology, Vilnius University, Saulėtekio av. 7, 10257 Vilnius, Lithuania. Electronic address: siksnys@ibt.lt.

Abstract

The type III-A Csm complex of Streptococcus thermophilus (StCsm) provides immunity against invading nucleic acids through the coordinated action of three catalytic domains: RNase (Csm3), ssDNase (Cas10-HD), and cyclic oligoadenylates synthase (Cas10-Palm). The matured StCsm complex is composed of Cas10:Csm2:Csm3:Csm4:Csm5 subunits and 40-nt CRISPR RNA (crRNA). We have carried out gene disruptions for each subunit and isolated deletion complexes to reveal the role of individual subunits in complex assembly and function. We show that the Cas10-Csm4 subcomplex binds the 5'-handle of crRNA and triggers Csm3 oligomerization to form a padlock for crRNA binding. We demonstrate that Csm5 plays a key role in target RNA binding while Csm2 ensures RNA cleavage at multiple sites by Csm3. Finally, guided by deletion analysis, we engineered a minimal Csm complex containing only the Csm3, Csm4, and Cas10 subunits and crRNA and demonstrated that it retains all three catalytic activities, thus paving the way for practical applications.

KEYWORDS:

CRISPR-Cas; Cas10; Cas6; Csm effector complex; Csm2; Csm3; Csm4; Csm5; minimal Csm complex

PMID:
30840895
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2019.02.029
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