Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Environ Microbiol. 2019 Apr;21(4):1482-1496. doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.14581. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Impact of grazing, resource availability and light on prokaryotic growth and diversity in the oligotrophic surface global ocean.

Author information

1
Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Universidade de Vigo, Vigo, Spain.
2
Departamento de Biologia Marina i Oceanografia, Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
3
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga, Fuengirola, Spain.
4
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain.
5
Red Sea Research Center, Division of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.
6
Centre for Marine Ecosystems Research, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Western Australia, Australia.

Abstract

The impact of grazing, resource competition and light on prokaryotic growth and taxonomic composition in subtropical and tropical surface waters were studied through 10 microcosm experiments conducted between 30°N and 30°S in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. Under natural sunlight conditions, significant changes in taxonomic composition were only observed after the reduction of grazing by sample filtration in combination with a decrease in resource competition by sample dilution. Sunlight exposure significantly reduced prokaryote growth (11 ± 6%) and community richness (14 ± 4%) compared to continuous darkness but did not significantly change community composition. The largest growth inhibition after sunlight exposure occurred at locations showing deep mixed layers. The reduction of grazing had an expected and significant positive effect on growth, but caused a significant decrease in community richness (16 ± 6%), suggesting that the coexistence of many different OTUs is partly promoted by the presence of predators. Dilution of the grazer-free prokaryotic community significantly enhanced growth at the level of community, but consistently and sharply reduced the abundance of Prochlorococcus and SAR11 populations. The decline of these oligotrophic bacterial taxa following an increase in resource availability is consistent with their high specialization for exploiting the limited resources available in the oligotrophic warm ocean.

PMID:
30838751
DOI:
10.1111/1462-2920.14581

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center