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Clin Orthop Surg. 2019 Mar;11(1):21-27. doi: 10.4055/cios.2019.11.1.21. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Computed Tomography Arthrography in Diagnosing Acetabular Labral Tears and Chondral Lesions.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Background:

We investigated sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography arthrography (CTA), on the basis of arthroscopic findings, to diagnose acetabular labral tears and chondral lesions.

Methods:

We retrospectively reviewed the results of MRI and subsequent CTA in 36 hips that underwent arthroscopic surgery (33 patients; 17 males [17 hips] and 16 females [19 hips]; average age, 35 years). All patients had positive impingement test results and groin pain. We analyzed sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of MRI and CTA by comparing with the arthroscopic findings. Interobserver agreement and intraobserver reproducibility of the presence of tears and cartilage lesions on MRI and CTA were calculated using Kappa coefficients.

Results:

The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of MRI for detection of acetabular labral tears by two observers were 60%, 80%, and 64%, respectively, and 65%, 70%, and 69%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of CTA for detection of labral tears by both observers were 85%, 90%, and 86%, respectively, and 92%, 80%, and 89%, respectively. However, the sensitivity and specificity of MRI for detection of acetabular chondral lesions by both observers were 36% and 84%, respectively, and 46% and 88%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of CTA for detecting acetabular cartilage lesions by both observers were 46% and 72%, respectively, and 64% and 72%, respectively. Intraobserver reproducibility for detection of labral tears and chondral lesions by using MRI was substantial (κ = 0.756 and κ = 0.693, respectively). Interobserver reliability for detection of labral tears and chondral lesions by using MRI was substantial (κ = 0.700 and κ = 0.875, respectively). Intraobserver reproducibility for detection of labral tears and chondral lesions by using CTA was substantial (κ = 0.832 and κ = 0.774, respectively). Interobserver reliability for detection of labral tears and chondral lesions by using CTA was high (κ = 0.886 and κ = 0.596, respectively).

Conclusions:

This study demonstrated that the accuracy of MRI to detect an acetabular labral tear and a chondral lesion of the hip joint was not sufficient. CTA was reliable in the diagnosis of acetabular labral tears. However, both CTA and MRI were also of limited value to detect chondral lesions.

KEYWORDS:

Acetabular labrum; Chondral lesion; Computed tomography arthrography; Hip; Magnetic resonance imaging

PMID:
30838104
PMCID:
PMC6389537
DOI:
10.4055/cios.2019.11.1.21
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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