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Environ Toxicol. 2019 Jun;34(6):699-707. doi: 10.1002/tox.22736. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Chlorpyrifos activates cell pyroptosis and increases susceptibility on oxidative stress-induced toxicity by miR-181/SIRT1/PGC-1α/Nrf2 signaling pathway in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells: Implication for association between chlorpyrifos and Parkinson's disease.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Neurology, The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The insecticide exposure has been linked to Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present study, we used a most widely used cell line in study of PD, the SH-SY5Y cells, to investigate mechanisms of chlorpyrifos (CPF) induced cell toxicity and the possible roles of cell pyroptosis and oxidative stress in SH-SY5Y cells, as well as role of miR-181/SIRT1/PGC-1α/Nrf2 signaling pathway in this process.

METHODS:

SH-SY5Y cells were treated with different concentrations of CPF. Cell viability was measured using CCK-8 assay. Cell pyroptosis was determined by immunofluorescence of caspase-1 and TUNEL assay. The miR-181 (has-miR-181-5p) level was determined by qRT-PCR. Expression of SIRT1, PGC-1α, Nrf2, and pyroptosis related proteins NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, and IL-18 was determined by both qRT-PCR and Western blotting.

RESULTS:

Cell viability was found to be decreased with the increased CPF concentrations. The pyroptosis related proteins, ROS levels, as well as level of caspase-1 and the TUNEL positive cells were all significantly up-regulated by CPF. Meanwhile, expression of miR-181 and pyroptosis proteins was also enhanced, while the SIRT1/PGC-1α/Nrf2 signaling was inhibited by CPF. Knockdown of Nrf2 significantly up-regulated the expression of pyroptosis related proteins, ROS level, caspase-1, and the TUNEL positive cells, while over-expression of Nrf2 resulted in opposite results. The expression of PGC-1α and Nrf2 was significantly down-regulated when SIRT1 was inhibited, while over-expressed SIRT1 led to increased PGC-1α and Nrf2 levels. Besides, miR-181 promoted the CPF induced activation of pyroptosis and oxidative stress, as well as down-regulated SIRT1/PGC-1α/Nrf2 signaling, while inhibition of miR-181 led to opposite results.

CONCLUSIONS:

Chlorpyrifos could inhibit cell proliferation, activate cell pyroptosis and increase susceptibility on oxidative stress-induced toxicity by elevating miR-181 through down-regulation of the SIRT1/PGC-1α/Nrf2 pathway in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. This study might give deeper insights for mechanisms of CPF induced toxicity and might give some novel research targets for PD treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Chlorpyrifos; SIRT1/PGC-1α/Nrf2; miR-181; oxidative stress; pyroptosis

PMID:
30835941
DOI:
10.1002/tox.22736
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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