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J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2019 Mar 21:1-9. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2019.1590332. [Epub ahead of print]

The new application of point-of-care lung ultrasound in guiding or assisting neonatal severe lung disease treatment based on a case series.

Author information

1
a Department of Neonatology and NICU , Beijing Chaoyang District Maternal and Child Healthcare Hospital , Beijing , China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Lung ultrasound (LUS) has been successfully used for neonatal lung disease diagnosis, as a non-invasive, free of radiation tool, the application of point-of-care LUS (POC-LUS) to diagnose lung disease has become a new trend worldwide. This paper was to introduce the new application of LUS to guide or assist the neonatal lung diseases treatment.

METHODS:

Based on case series of our daily routine clinical work, in combining with the latest literatures, we introducing the new using field of POC-LUS in guiding the treatment of uninflated lung disease by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), guiding the treatment of severe pleural effusion and pneumothorax, guide the use of and weaning from mechanical ventilation, and in assessing the efficacy of exogenous pulmonary surfactant (PS) therapy.

RESULTS:

The results of this study showed that the using rate of invasive ventilation and PS were decreased significantly, the duration of invasive ventilation was shortened significantly, the recovery of pleural effusion and pneumothorax were more quickly and safety, and finally a significantly shortened length of hospitalizations was obtained.

CONCLUSIONS:

LUS monitoring had significant effects in guiding the management of neonatal severe lung diseases, which with the worthy of extensive clinical application.

KEYWORDS:

Infant; lung disease; lung ultrasound (LUS); newborn; point of care lung ultrasound (POC-LUS)

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