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Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2019 May 1;316(5):E837-E851. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00528.2018. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Fiber type-selective exercise effects on AS160 phosphorylation.

Author information

1
Muscle Biology Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, Michigan.
2
Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, Michigan.
3
Institute of Gerontology, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Abstract

Earlier research using muscle tissue demonstrated that postexercise elevation in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (ISGU) occurs concomitant with greater insulin-stimulated Akt substrate of 160 kDa (AS160) phosphorylation (pAS160) on sites that regulate ISGU. Because skeletal muscle is a heterogeneous tissue, we previously isolated myofibers from rat epitrochlearis to assess fiber type-selective ISGU. Exercise induced greater ISGU in type I, IIA, IIB, and IIBX but not IIX fibers. This study tested if exercise effects on pAS160 correspond with previously published fiber type-selective exercise effects on ISGU. Rats were studied immediately postexercise (IPEX) or 3.5 h postexercise (3.5hPEX) with time-matched sedentary controls. Myofibers dissected from the IPEX experiment were analyzed for fiber type (myosin heavy chain isoform expression) and key phosphoproteins. Isolated muscles from the 3.5hPEX experiment were incubated with or without insulin. Myofibers (3.5hPEX) were analyzed for fiber type, key phosphoproteins, and GLUT4 protein abundance. We hypothesized that insulin-stimulated pAS160 at 3.5hPEX would exceed sedentary controls only in fiber types characterized by greater ISGU postexercise. Values for phosphorylation of AMP-activated kinase substrates (acetyl CoA carboxylaseSer79 and AS160Ser704) from IPEX muscles exceeded sedentary values in each fiber type, suggesting exercise recruitment of all fiber types. Values for pAS160Thr642 and pAS160Ser704 from insulin-stimulated muscles 3.5hPEX exceeded sedentary values for type I, IIA, IIB, and IIBX but not IIX fibers. GLUT4 abundance was unaltered 3.5hPEX in any fiber type. These results advanced understanding of exercise-induced insulin sensitization by providing compelling support for the hypothesis that enhanced insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of AS160 is linked to elevated ISGU postexercise at a fiber type-specific level independent of altered GLUT4 expression.

KEYWORDS:

AMP-activated protein kinase; glucose transport; insulin sensitivity

PMID:
30835507
PMCID:
PMC6580176
[Available on 2020-05-01]
DOI:
10.1152/ajpendo.00528.2018

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