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Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2019 Apr;28(2):171-193. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2018.11.010. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Promoting Mental Health and Wellness in Youth Through Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Sleep.

Author information

1
Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, 32 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address: dhosker@mgh.harvard.edu.
2
McLean Anxiety Mastery Program, McLean Hospital, 799 Concord Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Cambridge, MA 02115, USA.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Cambridge, MA 02115, USA; McLean Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Outpatient Services, McLean Hospital, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478, USA.

Abstract

The medical benefits to youth conferred by physical activity, balanced nutrition, and quality sleep have been increasingly encouraged by medical and mental health providers. Emerging evidence continues to reveal benefits for youth mental health and well-being, including for youth with psychiatric disorders. This evidence seems multifactorial through both neurobiological and psychosocial systems, with common mechanisms present between physical activity, nutrition, and sleep. This article reviews the benefits of optimizing physical activity, nutrition, and sleep; how to assess these lifestyle domains with patients and their parents; and appropriate interventions to optimize well-being in youth.

KEYWORDS:

Child and adolescent; Diet; Exercise; Mental health; Nutrition; Sleep; Sports; Wellness

PMID:
30832951
DOI:
10.1016/j.chc.2018.11.010

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