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Pediatr Cardiol. 2019 Mar 4. doi: 10.1007/s00246-019-02080-9. [Epub ahead of print]

Relationship Between Pulmonary Arterial Resistance and Compliance in Patients with Down Syndrome.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Japan Community Healthcare Organization, Kyushu Hospital, 1-8-1, Kishinoura, Yahatanishiku, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, 806-8501, Japan.
2
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Japan Community Healthcare Organization, Kyushu Hospital, 1-8-1, Kishinoura, Yahatanishiku, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, 806-8501, Japan. jmune@msn.com.
3
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Japan Community Healthcare Organization, Kyushu Hospital, 1-8-1, Kishinoura, Yahatanishiku, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, 806-8501, Japan.

Abstract

This study aimed to clarify the characteristics of pulmonary arterial resistance (Rp)-compliance (Cp) coupling in individuals with Down syndrome (DS), who have increased risks of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We performed cardiac catheterization before and after corrective surgery in 85 DS infants and 85 controls with congenital heart disease and PAH. We retrospectively collected hemodynamic data and compared Rp and Cp between the groups. Age at surgery was 3.5 (2.6-4.6) months. The first and second catheterizations were performed 1 month before and after corrective surgery in both groups. Preoperative Cp in DS patients was significantly lower than that in controls [2.27 (1.62-3.0) vs. 2.50 (1.86-3.31) mL/mmHg/m2, p = 0.039], although there was no significant difference in mean pulmonary arterial pressure and Rp between the groups. Analysis of covariance revealed that the slopes of the preoperative regression lines for the logarithmic transformations of Rp and Cp were identical in DS patients and controls (p = 0.299). However, the postoperative regression line was shifted downward in DS patients after corrective surgery. Postoperative home oxygen therapy (HOT) was performed in 39 patients (36 DS patients) and multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that postoperative HOT was significantly related to low preoperative Cp (p = 0.039) and DS (p = 0.0001). Individuals with DS have the unique pulmonary vasculature characterized with low Cp that is related to postoperative HOT.

KEYWORDS:

Chromosomal anomaly; Congenital heart disease; Pulmonary arterial capacitance; Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Trisomy 21

PMID:
30830280
DOI:
10.1007/s00246-019-02080-9

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