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J Strength Cond Res. 2019 Feb 27. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002939. [Epub ahead of print]

Similar Anaerobic and Aerobic Adaptations After 2 High-Intensity Interval Training Configurations: 10 s: 5 s vs. 20 s: 10 s Work-to-Rest Ratio.

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1
Department of Health and Human Performance, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma.

Abstract

Moghaddam, M, Estrada, CA, Muddle, TWD, Magrini, MA, Jenkins, NDM, and Jacobson, BH. Similar anaerobic and aerobic adaptations after 2 high-intensity interval training configurations: 10 s:5 s vs. 20 s:10 s work-to-rest ratio. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-This study compares the effects of 2 high-intensity interval training (HIIT) configurations, a 10-5 vs. a 20-10 second work-to-rest ratio, on anaerobic and aerobic performance. Thirty-four individuals were randomly assigned to 10-5-HIIT (n = 17) and 20-10-HIIT (n = 17) groups to complete 6 cycles of 6 exercises, 3 days a week for 4 weeks. The 10-5-HIIT was performed with 10 s:5 s work-to-rest ratio with 1-minute recovery between cycles, while the 20-10-HIIT was performed with 20 s:10 s work-to-rest ratio followed by a 2-minute recovery. Anaerobic (i.e., peak power [PP], anaerobic capacity [AC], anaerobic power [AP], and total work [TW]) and aerobic fitness (i.e., time to exhaustion [TE], absolute V[Combining Dot Above]O2max [A-V[Combining Dot Above]O2max], relative V[Combining Dot Above]O2max [R-V[Combining Dot Above]O2max]) were measured with pre-training and post-training intervention. A significant main effect time was observed for both 10-5-HIIT and 20-10-HIIT (p < 0.05) in PP (9.2%, 5.7%); AC (14.9%, 8.6%); AP (9.0%, 6.2%); TW (15.1%, 8.5%); TE (4.3%, 5.5%); A-V[Combining Dot Above]O2max (9.4%, 8.9%); R-V[Combining Dot Above]O2max (8.5%, 8.2%), respectively. In conclusion, individuals may be able to achieve similar health benefits as 20-10-HIIT by performing 10-5-HIIT, despite exercising for 50% less total time. High-intensity interval training has been suggested as a "time-efficient" mode of exercise that can mitigate the most significant barrier to physical activity, "lack of time." Both 10-5-HIIT and 20-10-HIIT can induce performance adaptations to a similar extent. However, because of shorter time commitment, performing 10-5-HIIT at 10 s:5 s work-to-rest ratio may offer a shorter and equally efficient interval. Functional fitness training during HIIT protocols seems to be as beneficial as ergometer-based HIIT to improve anaerobic and aerobic performance.

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