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Afr J Paediatr Surg. 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):26-30. doi: 10.4103/ajps.AJPS_51_16.

Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis - Our experience and challenges in a developing country.

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Sub-Department of Pediatric Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.



This study aims to evaluate the experience and challenges in managing patients with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS).

Patients and Methods:

From January 2007 to December 2015, data from patients with IHPS were retrospectively acquired and analyzed using SPSS version 15. Pearson correlation used to assess linear relationships and Student t-test to compare means. P < 0.05 was taken as statistically significant. Results were expressed as percentages, means ± standard deviation and illustrated in tables and graphs.


Twenty-six cases were managed with the mean age at diagnosis of 49.16 ± 21.4 days. Mean birth weight was 3.7 kg and mean weight at presentation was 3.3 kg. Firstborn was affected in 29%; 91% were term deliveries; 9% were post-term; none was preterm; and 36% were exclusively breastfed. Mean duration of symptoms was 25.6 ± 18.9 days. Hyponatraemia was seen in 36%, hypokalaemia 37.5%, alkalosis 35% and hypochloraemia 62%. Mean pyloric tumour length was 22.85 ± 6.56 mm and pyloric wall thickness 5.51 ± 1.36 mm. There was a significant correlation between duration of symptoms and serum potassium level (R = -0.6326, P = 0.002). Mean symptom duration in patients with hypokalaemia was 39.88 ± 23.41 days and without hypokalaemia 17.15 ± 9.78 days (P = 0.006). Mean hospital stay was 9.45 ± 3.27 days. Four patients developed four complications and three patients died (11.5%). Mean age at presentation for pre-operative mortalities was 84 ± 39 days and 46 ± 17.98 days for others (P = 0.015).


IHPS presents late in our environment and occurs mainly in term males. There is a significant positive relationship between duration of symptoms and serum potassium level and the mean duration of symptoms was significantly longer in those with hypokalaemia. Pre-operative mortality was significantly associated with longer duration of symptoms.


Challenges; developing country; experience; infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

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